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  • Turkish President Erdogan said that situation in Idlib will not be solved until Syrian forces are withdrawn. Reuters
  • At Munich Security Conference, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that 'The West is winning,' despite concerns of France. Reuters
  • Projections indicate that Khamenei loyalists may tighten grip at Iran elections. Reuters
  • While violence in Yemen continues, Saudis say that talks with Houthis are progressing. Reuters
  • Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud warned that Iran must change its behavior before any talks are considered. Reuters
  • Turkish President Erdogan warned that Turkey will not be silent as Syrian government surrounds Turkish posts. Reuters
  • Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that Russia and Turkey are close but will agreement is difficult. Reuters
  • Turkish President Erdogan and US President Donald Trump discussed Middle East conflicts, Turkey's foreign minister said. Reuters
  • Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said that Syria dispute won't affect Russian S-400 defense deal. Reuters
  • Netanyahu said that Israeli planes have started overflying Sudan. Reuters
  • Syrian government forces seize most of Aleppo province, on eve of Turkey-Russia talks. Reuters
  • Turkey said that two killed in car bomb attack near Syria border. Reuters
  • Israel is hopeful that Germany and other ICC members will help stave off Palestinian investigation. Reuters
  • Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said that Iran will never yield to U.S. pressure for talks. Reuters
  • Syrian state media reported that Russian-backed Syrian government forces seize most of rebel-held Aleppo province. Reuters
  • Hezbollah warned that current crisis puts Lebanon's survival at stake. Reuters
  • Saudi airstrike in Yemen killed 31 civilians after Saudi jet crash in Al Jawf province. Reuters
  • UN demands accountability and says Libya arms embargo is a 'joke'. Reuters
  • Oman sees biggest Gulf clash risk in Strait of Hormuz. Reuters
  • Rockets hit US coalition base in Baghdad on Sunday, no casualties reported. Reuters
  • Syrian army strengthens grip on Aleppo province before Russia-Turkey talks. Aljzaeera
  • India rebuked UN chief's offer, said there is 'no scope for third party mediation' on Kashmir. Dawn
  • UN chief Guterres said that international support for Pakistan has been minimal. Dawn
  • Report revealed that Trump’s offer prompted India to annex Kashmir. Dawn
  • UN chief called for implementation of Kashmir resolutions during his visit to Pakistan. Dawn
  • UN secretary general warned that world is losing the battle to contain carbon emissions. Dawn
  • Parties to conflict in Yemen agree on major prisoner exchange. Dawn
  • Foreign Minister of Qatar said that talks with Saudi Arabia have been stalled.

Maritime Strengths and Challenges for South Asia

Maritime Strengths and Challenges for South Asia


A stakeholder based analysis of Indian Ocean Region (IOR) will provide us with insight, critical for future political realignments. States in current dynamic political structures need to work on governance mechanisms to protect their national interests while extending cooperation to other states for peace and regional security. One can press on the need for development of a new maritime security governance framework to address the challenges threatening the regional security architecture. The use of maritime space for a common purpose creates room for shared objectives. Other than this, the stakeholders maneuvering in the IOR are subject to common risks and vulnerabilities. Sharing of common objectives and collectively facing challenges set the stage for effective risk treatment and vulnerability reduction efforts.

Maritime security is, therefore, a matter of vital importance for the national interests of states, as access to resources and their secure transportation are the drivers behind national growth and development. Against the back drop of maritime significance, states are taking initiatives to secure specific routes, ports and choke points. Despite this understanding, the existing security architecture is least effective in the region. The ineffectiveness of security architecture in the IOR can be traced to regional diversity along with chauvinistic self-interest. These are two primary hurdles that thwart the formation of an effective governance framework.

This policy brief lays out the rational need for regional powers to frame an action plan for preserving the maritime potential, not purely from a strategic perspective but also from multilateral perspectives of social, political, economic, human development and safety significance. The need of the time is to identify inter-linkages between direct and indirect security threats to determine the possibilities for a new model of governance along with identification of inter-state obligations.

Pakistan’s strategic importance in the maritime domain has been at the center of debate, particularly with the on-going development of the “Port of Gwadar” and how it may lead to a new economic architecture in the region and globally. However, the broader significance of the IOR lies in the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (MSR) initiative taken by China that includes Port of Gwadar under China Pak Economic Corridor (CPEC), aiming to strengthen regional connectivity.

The purpose of this study is to examine the need to strengthen maritime security governance, particularly in reference to Port of Gwadar and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.2 The rising significance of the IOR is central to the discussion on maritime security. The maritime involvement of different states in the IOR and the change in their strategic approach calls for strategic management of maritime potential as well as improvisation of the power kinetics through effective legal and governance framework and collaboration.





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