President CPGS, Senator Sehar Kamran’s (TI)
Monthly Engagements and Activities
March 2019
Press Statements
Drowning Strategic Stability in the Indian Ocean Region
By Senator Sehar Kamran. 17th March 2019
PAK INDIA CRISIS – Pre-election or Pre-emption?
By Senator Sehar Kamran, on 12th March 2019
Eurasian Women Forum (EAWF)
Senator Sehar Kamran about modern women, 29th March 2019
Senator Sehar Kamran (TI), President Centre for Pakistan and Gulf studies
(CPGS) termed Indian Anti-Satellite Weapon (ASAT) test as “reckless and
Senator Sehar Kamran, 29th March 2019
Pakistan Day is a momentous day in our history
Senator Sehar Kamran, 21st March 2019
“No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by
side with you.” Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Senator Sehar Kamran, on 7th March 2019
Participation in
Seminars, Conferences & Events
As a Guest of Honour in a
SDPI Pakistan Seminar
“Corridors in South Asia: A
Bumpy Road to Strategic
18 -03-2019
As a Speaker at Seminar
organized by Jammu & Kashmir
Self Determination Movement
International on “Hearing on
Kashmir at European
Parliament Human Rights
Committee” 22-03-2019
As a Speaker in “Two day
Parliamentary Conference
on legislative effectiveness
in Pakistan” organized by
Pakistan Institute of
Parliamentry Services.
One day International
Conference on
“Pakistan-Russian Strategic
Relations: Prospects for
Cooperation” organized by
Strategic Vision Institute
CGSS-International Conference
on SCO Future Prospects &
Regional Connectivity
National Conference on
“Pakistan China Economic
Cooperation: Next Level” at
ISSI organized by China Pakisan
Study Center, Islamabad
Attended the Prade on
23rd March 2019
A p p e a r e n c e s
Amnay Samnay With Noor-Ul-Arfeen (29th March 2019)
News Talk With Yashfeen Jamal (29th March 2019)
SUCH TOU YEH HAI (28 March 2019)
GNN Morning with Najia Ashar(25 March 2019)
Live with Nadia Mirza (21 March 2019)
Gar Tu Bura Na Mane with Faisal Qureshi (20 March 2019)
Seedhi Baat Beenish Saleem Kay Sath (18 March 2019)
Amnay Samnay With Noor-Ul-Arfeen, (18 March 2019)
Politics Today with Farrukh Pitafi (04 March 2019)
w w w . c p a k g u l f. o r g

 In the world’s shifting power dynamics, today’s nation states need to align themselves with organizations that secure their interests through dialogue and cooperation. In large part, peace and regional security now rest within states’ membership of legitimate intergovernmental organizations.

In South Asia, the idea of regional governance and international mediation is not new. But despite the existence of various regional organizations and third-party mediation, the region has historically failed to address and resolve its most longstanding regional disputes. There are a number of reasons for this, but power politics by member states and the vested interplay of global powers are two important ones.

Legitimate international governance is now the need of the hour, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), with its focus on the maintenance of regional peace and economic and humanitarian cooperation, has emerged as an important catalyst for regional integration.

Peace in South Asia depends perhaps singularly on the normalcy of relations between Pakistan and India. The strategic instability between them undermines the scope of regional cooperation and allows non-state actors to wreak havoc. In fact, the military standoff between the two nuclear armed neighbors in the wake of India’s Balakot misadventure in February have challenged the entire conflict resolution framework of our recent histories.

As for the two countries’ invaluable geo-strategic significance to the world, it becomes difficult to say whether or not this is a blessing as the region becomes increasingly prone to unresolved conflicts like Kashmir.

But it is precisely these broad security and economic concerns that have given SCO the impetus to operate as a balanced forum. Despite criticism, it is a fact that the organization understands security as a multidimensional idea comprising military, economic, environmental, human and political factors; a holistic security paradigm which allows both member and non-member states to pool in their resources and potential to maximize output and counter common challenges. Accompanied by a democratic charter and a 2025 development agenda, SCO can serve India and Pakistan as both a conflict resolution framework and a road-map towards stability.

Legitimate international governance is now the need of the hour, and the SCO, with its focus on the maintenance of regional peace and economic and humanitarian cooperation, has emerged as an important catalyst for regional integration. Sehar Kamran

The organization’s charter lays down a criterion-based approach to ensuring regional integration. It’s very first article ensures that existing and aspiring members avoid direct military conflict. The second article deals with the principle implementation of mutual non-use of force. Article three covers the idea of regional integration through economic cooperation. This trilateral combination of SCO articles means that states agree to set aside differences in favor of long-term gains. In the end, it is the idea that economic and political stability are outcomes of economic development that serves as the foundational ground for SCO membership.

The availability of a mature regional anti-terrorist structure (RATS) and joint military exercises further add to the SCO’s strategic significance for India and Pakistan and the convergence of their interests empower the organization to bridge trust deficits. RATS is the first institution of its kind, and manages to engage the collective efforts of all member states to address separatism, extremism and terrorism. It could benefit not only Pakistan, India and Afghanistan but other regional states as well.

According to Chinese President Xi Jinping, “SCO members have created a new model of international relations- partnerships instead of alliance.”

It is imperative for policymakers to keep in mind that geopolitics and geo-economics are not only about overriding one’s competitor but to find space for creating mutual interdependencies i.e. to cooperate instead of competing for power. It is these mutual interdependencies that minimize the risk of conflict and enhance the prospects of a lasting peace.

*Senator Sehar Kamran T.I. is the President of Centre for Pakistan and Gulf Studies (CPGS) and member of the Senate Forum for Policy Research (SFPR) from 2018-2021. She has also served as a member Senate of Pakistan for the term 2012-2018.

Same version of this Article is published in ArabNews

SCO Expansion: Exploring Future Scenarios

“Shifting Strategic Landscape of South Asia: The Role of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation”

Pakistan enjoys cordial relations with all members of the SCO (except perhaps India). Geographic contiguity as well as shared cultural and historical bond have added depth and
dimension to the relations;

Pakistan has high stakes in the security, stability and prosperity of the region.Consequently, Pakistan supports the principles, purposes, objective and the activities of the SCO, of which it was an observer even before it became a formal member.

Over the past seventy years, Pakistan has been trying to promote peace in the region and beyond, but its efforts have not been reciprocated by some regional countries, particularly India;

Pakistan and Russia have a long history of bilateral relations, but unfortunately, both nations thus far, have not been able to achieve the full potential of to this relationship. Nonetheless, Pakistan has supported Russia’s membership in the Organization of Islamic
conference (OIC), and Russia is supportive of Pakistan’s membership of the NSG in principle.

There are ample possibilities for great relations between Pakistan and Russia in the future. Pakistan and Russia have a tremendous potential to improve their bilateral relations and lay down a stronger basis of economic and defense cooperation. The SCO provides an additional forum to develop and strengthen the interstate relationship

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