By Muhammad Suleman

Update:- July 25, 2017

China’s efforts to develop a nuclear weapons program began in response to what it deemed as “nuclear blackmail” from the United States. 15 In July 1950, at the very beginning of the Korean War, U.S. President Harry Truman ordered ten nuclear-configured B-29s to the Pacific, with the intention of deterring China from entering the Korean War. 16 In 1952, U.S. President-elect Dwight Eisenhower publicly hinted that he would authorize the use of nuclear weapons against China if the Korean War armistice talks continued to stagnate.

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By Muhammad Suleman

Update:- July 25, 2017

According to the International Panel on Fissile Materials (IPFM), The global inventory of highly enriched uranium (HEU) is estimated to be about 1370 ± 125 tonnes as of the end of 2014. The global stockpile of separated plutonium as of the end of 2014 is estimated as 505 ± 10 tonnes, of which about 271tonnes is the material in civilian custody.

Global nuclear powers

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By Muhammad Suleman

Update:- July 25, 2017 

A decree by the French provisional government, issued 18 October 1945 under the authority of President and General Charles de Gaulle, established the French Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique, or CEA), making France the first nation to establish a civilian atomic energy authority. Like the U.S. AEC (established later), it had authority over all aspects of nuclear affairs – scientific, commercial, and military. Raoul Dautry was appointed Administrator-General and Frederic Joliot-Curie, France’s preeminent nuclear scientist, was made High Commissioner. The site for the main nuclear research facility was selected at Saclay, south of Paris, but initial work began at a temporary site while the Saclay facility was constructed. The site selected was the old fortress of Fort de Chatillon on the outskirts of Paris. There France’s first nuclear reactor, the heavy water/natural uranium oxide EL-1 or ZOE (Zero power, uranium Oxide fuel, and Eau lourde – or heavy water), was constructed. ZOE went critical 15 December 1948.

 

France chart

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