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Early Child Marriage and Denial of Girls Education

According to UNICEF, 21 percent

of girls in Pakistani are married

before they reach the age of 18,

while 3 percent are married

before the age of 15

Under the UN Sustainable

Development Goals (SDGs),

Pakistan has pledged to bring an

end  to  the practice of  marriage

before age 18 by 2030.

Child  marriage  as  a  practice  is  motivated  by  gender  disparity  and  the

traditional obsolete belief that girls are inferior to boys. In Pakistan also, child

marriage is driven by

21% < 18 years
3% < 15 years

2030

Swara  

Watta Satta 

Pait Likkhi

In Swara, girls are married off in

order to resolve feuds in rural

communities under compulsion

of a local council otherwise

known as “panchayat”

Watta Satta is the

bartering for brides

Pait Likkhi is the

betrothing of girls

before they are

born or very young

cpgs.org

cpgs_org

Gender norms are deeply rooted

patriarchal customs of old Times

that  continue  to  drive  child

marriage. For instance girls who

marry late are labelled as

bringing shame for “deviating”

from tradition.

Approximately 22.5 million

children in Pakistan are out of

school. Out of this, 53 percent

are girls.

Nearly

13 million 

girls

are out of school in Pakistan

<

Family  practices: Within family

(or tribe) marriages are a

common in Pakistan. Due to

which about 34% of married

16-17 year old girls, are known

to be to first cousins.

34%

Cousin Marriages

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 Denial of Girls Education

22.5

million uneducated
children

53% 

girls!

SCHOOL

About 21 percent of girls in

Pakistan  get  married  after

finishing  secondary  school,  and

by 9th grade only 13 percent

girls are still in school.

A report last year from the

seven new districts (former

Fata) of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

portrayed alarming picture of

girls’ education in KP. About 79

percent of girls drop out from

school in the early years, and 50

percent drop out in the middle

and secondary years.

•  Article 25-A of the Constitution of

Islamic Republic of Pakistan clearly

states that; “The State shall provide

free  and  compulsory  education  to  all

children  of  the  age  of  five  to  sixteen

years in such manner as may be

determined by law.”
• Pakistan’s expenditure on

education as percentage to GDP stands

at  2.4  percent  in  fiscal  year  2018-19,

the lowest in the region. Pakistan has to

spend more on education on the levels

recommended by the UNESCO in order

to fulfill the commitment of SDG4

Remedies 

21%

after secondary school

21%

after secondary school

79%

girls drop out from school

The State

shall provide

free and

compulsory education

to all children

 of the age of five

 to sixteen years y

 in such manner

 as may be

determined by law

Ph: +92 (51) 8445070  Fax +92(51) 2823424     email: info@cpakgulf.org

web: www.cpakgulf.org

Research by:  Siffat Ali – Research Associate

Designed by:  Fatima Sureyya – Web/Graphic Designer

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