By M Suleman Shahid
Update:- July 28, 2017
The United Kingdom’s involvement in nuclear energy and weapons development dates back to 1940 when two émigré scientists based in England, Otto Frisch and Fritz Peierls, laid the conceptual groundwork for the atomic bomb.
Initially conducting its own research, the United Kingdom later sent several scientists to Los Alamos to contribute to the Manhattan Project. Following the war, and the passing of the Atomic Energy Act in the United States, the United Kingdom decided to pursue its own nuclear weapons program. This program was led by William G. Penney—a British scientist who worked on the Manhattan Project. Penney’s position at Los Alamos Laboratory equipped him with the tacit knowledge needed for a successful nuclear program.