Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation Report

Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation Report

Islamabad, 24th August, 2016: A roundtable on the “Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation: Nuclear Suppliers Group” was organized by the Centre for Pakistan and Gulf Studies (CPGS) hosting the two member Russian delegation headed by the Director, Centre for Energy and Security Studies (CENESS), Dr. Anton Khlopkov and Mr. Dmitry Konukhov, at the Pakistan Institute of Parliamentary Sevices (PIPS), today.

The discussion, widely attended by prominent policy makers, national legislators, practitioners and experts from various institutions including Ministry of Foreign Affairs, PNRA and PAEC was Chaired by the Former Chairman Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, Dr Ansar Parvez; speakers for the event were Dr Anton Khlopkov, (CENESS), Russian Federation, and Ambassador (R) Zamir Akram, Pakistan’s Former Representative to the United Nations and Geneva. The speakers discussed the potential for civil nuclear cooperation between Pakistan and Russia. Pakistan’s eligibility, application and entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) was also debated. Senator Sehar Kamran (TI), President, CPGS, in her welcome remarks, stated that Pakistan has an advanced nuclear program. She said “Pakistan has the experience, expertise, credentials and immense untapped market potential, in addition to the manpower, infrastructure and ability necessary to supply NSG controlled items.” Pakistan possesses every quality to render it an invaluable addition to the group, she added.

She further said, Pakistan has also made modest contributions to IAEA’s activities by sharing its experience and providing services of experts in diverse technical areas such as nuclear radiation, transport and waste safety, nuclear security, application of nuclear technology in agriculture, medicine, industry and nuclear energy.

Participants opined that the real responsibility of maintaining regional stability falls on the United States since the policy of skewed support for “partners” is based around a strategy to contain China.

On principle, if an exemption can be made for India, it can certainly be made for Pakistan, they added.

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SCO Expansion: Exploring Future Scenarios

SCO Expansion: Exploring Future Scenarios

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an intergovernmental international organization founded in Shanghai on June 15, 2001 by six countries – China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The six member states occupy territory that accounts for three-fifths of the Eurasian continent and have a population of 1.5 billion, a quarter of the world’s population. In addition to the six member states, the SCO has two new acceding members, Indian and Pakistan, four observer nations, and six dialogue partners.

According to the SCO Charter and the Declaration on the Establishment of the SCO, the main purposes of SCO are: strengthening mutual trust and good-neighborliness and friendship among member states; developing their effective cooperation in political affairs, the economy and trade, science and technology, culture, education, energy, transportation, environmental protection and other fields; working together to maintain regional peace, security and stability; and promoting the creation of a new international political and economic order featuring democracy, justice and rationality.

The SCO abides by the following basic principles: adherence to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations; respect for each other’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, mutual non-use or threat of use of force; equality among all member states; settlement of all questions through consultations; nonalignment and no directing against any other country or organization; opening to the outside world and willingness to carry out all forms of dialogues, exchanges and cooperation with other countries and relevant international or regional organizations.

The SCO stands for and acts on a new security concept anchored on mutual trust, disarmament and cooperative security; a new state-to-state relationship with partnership instead of alignment at its core, and a new model of regional cooperation featuring concerted efforts of countries of all sizes and mutually beneficial cooperation. In the course of development, a Shanghai spirit gradually took shape, a spirit characterized by mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, cooperation, respect for diversified civilizations and common development.

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