Nuclear technology employs the energy released by cracking the particles of different elements. Making such energy started in the 1940s, and during the Second World War, a study was conducted, primarily envisaging making weapons by splitting the atoms of particular isotopes of uranium or plutonium.
In the 1950s, concentration turned to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, remarkably for power production. Today, the world creates as much electricity from nuclear energy as it generated from all resource collectively in 1960. At present, only nine states are known to have nuclear arsenals potential. Fifty-six states operate about 240 civil research reactors, more than one-third of these reactors are in developing countries.