Islamabad: Discussing Strategic Stability of South Asia, the defense analysts stressed that Pakistan and India must show urge to resolve all core outstanding issues to achieve ultimately peace and stability in South Asian region. Expert’s unanimous voiced to have composite dialogue process initiated as earlier possible time frame with people to people contacts, and trade relations having access coupled with free market access.
Speaking at a roundtable on “Strategic Stability in South Asia” organized by the Center of Pakistan and Gulf Studies (CPGS) here at Islamabad defense analysts comes up with conclusion that unresolved territorial disputes between Pakistan and India; strategic and conventional asymmetries; absence of plausible conflict and crisis resolution mechanisms; insufficiently institutionalized communication channels; the presence of non-state actors; and an emerging arms race instability are some of the factors shaping overall security environment in the South Asia.
While presiding a session CPGS President, Senator Sehar Kamran said that Pakistan and India should have to resolve core issues and come across with a positive character for the peace in Afghanistan and strategic stability. The war of economic prosperity is more important than military collusion so both counties should have to move forward setting aside hostility, enmity, suspicion and distrust. The situation after NATO drawdown from Afghanistan is not so promising in terms of regional peace and stability.
While raising questions she stressed state apparatus should have to work with regards to potential implications for post-2014 NATO drawdown from Afghanistan in terms of regional stability. It’s also important to note that how geopolitical and commercial interests of the major powers, in one way or the other, would be affecting the power balance in South Asia? The prospects of Afghanistan’s six immediately neighboring countries of effective cooperation to plug the spread of militancy, arms, drugs, human trafficking from Afghanistan in the post 2014 scenario also very much important.
The renowned defense and strategic analyst and writer, Brig (R) Feroz Hassan Khan, gave an insightful presentation regarding the strategic stability in South Asia. He talked about common belief shared by the world about Afghanistan’s uncertain future of post 2014. “I believe that two countries India and Pakistan have matured over the time since the nuclear explosion 1998” he said, adding he also talked about Pakistan’s positive approach to counter nuclear proliferation concern worldwide. He also appreciated that Pakistan pursued proactive nuclear diplomacy at world forums like recent nuclear security summit at Hague where Pakistan participated as an active responsible nuclear state. Talking about the non-state actors he warned that violent extremist organizations posing a serious threat to the internal security of Pakistan that should have to be dealt with the effective strategy. He pronounced strategic stability in south Asia in contemporary nuclear world order is under the impact of global arm race (vertical proliferation) and nuclear safety concerns.
While Lt. Gen (R) Asad Durrani said that situation in Afghanistan and how it unfolds in future is directly or indirectly linked with over all structure of strategic stability in the region. He further said the state apparatus should be given credit as Pakistan on the right track with regards to emerging situation in Afghanistan after 2014.
The roundtable was largely attended by Pakistan’s top academicians, representative of different organizations and research team of the CPGS.