The convention was signed in 1980 and entered into force in February 1987. It was specifically adopted to launch certain arrangements to guard nuclear materials. This convention lay out well-defined legal obligations on its States Parties (145) to take measures for the prevention, detection and punishment of offenses with regard to nuclear material.
On July 8th, 2005 all its states parties adopted an “amendment” to further cover the international transport of nuclear material, domestic nuclear facilities and nuclear materials along with their storage and transport.
This amendment obliges its states parties to expand their cooperation to take measures, to locate and recover stolen/smuggled nuclear material. This amendment also urges on its states parties for better cooperation to curb and mitigate any kind of radiological consequences after sabotage, and prevent and combat related offences. This amendment is yet to enter into force, following the ratification of a qualified majority (2/3) of its State Parties.